Dr Ellsberg will present two papers from studies carried out in South Sudan and focusing on violence agaisnt women. The first paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the context and different forms of violence committed against women and girls in South Sudan. The study documents many forms of sexual and physical violence against women and girls in South Sudan, including conflict-related sexual violence, intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual violence, child and forced marriage, and abduction. Violence occurred during three over-arching contexts: armed conflict, gender inequality, and the economic crisis. The custom of bride price, combined with the economic crisis, is a key driver of many other forms of violence. The second study measured the prevalence and risk factors of different forms of violence against women and girls in South Sudan, which has suffered decades of conflict, most recently in 2013. The paper presents the findings of a population-based survey was conducted among women aged 15–6 4in three conflict-affected sites in South Sudan between 2015 and 2016.